Yet others have suggested that he was one of the founders of modern democracy. To understand Calvin’s views on political government, one must understand the political context of his day.Democratic forms of government were on the decline.
Up to that point, however, there is little evidence of Calvin’s conversion to Protestantism, an event difficult to date because it was probably gradual. But they underwent a change when he began to study theology intensively in Basel.
Probably in part to clarify his own beliefs, he began to write.
"At last meditating day and night, by the mercy of God, I began to understand that the righteousness of God is that through which the righteous live by a gift of God, namely by faith.
Here I felt as if I were entirely born again and had entered paradise itself through the gates that had been flung open." In the sixteenth century, the world was divided about Martin Luther.
became less tolerant of this reform movement, Calvin, who had collaborated in the preparation of a strong statement of theological principles for a public address delivered by Nicolas Cop, rector of the university, found it prudent to leave Paris.
Eventually he made his way to , then Protestant but tolerant of religious variety.
These rulers sought to imitate and practice the ideas set forth in Niccolo Machiavelli’s (1469–1527) famous book, .
Machiavelli advised princes on how to achieve absolute power.
These movements reveal an ongoing concern for reform within the church in the years before Luther is said to have posted his Ninety-five Theses on the door of the Castle Church, Wittenberg, on Oct.
31, 1517, the eve of All Saints' Day--the traditional date for the beginning of the Reformation.
The Reformation was the religious revolution that took place in the Western church in the 16th century; its greatest leaders were Martin Luther and John Calvin.